Referenser till vetenskapligt validerad och publicerad forskning – exempel

1. Pathophysiology 16, medicine 2009 (Temanummer om EMF)

I femton (15) kapitel presenterar forskare från sex länder resultat kring hälsorisker

för människor och djur av lågfrekventa elektromagnetiska fält (ELF EMF) och

radiofrekvent strålning (RF EMR).


2. Blackman CF, Blank M, Kundi M, Sage C, Carpenter DO, Davanipour Z, Gee D,

Hardell L, Johansson O, Lai H, Mild KH, Sage A, Sobel EL, Xu Z, Chen G, “The

Bioinitiative Report—A Rationale for a Biologically-based Public Exposure

Standard for Electromagnetic Fields (ELF and RF)”, 2007

(SAR References)

3. Belyaev IY, Hillert L, Protopopova M, Tamm C, Malmgren LO, Persson BR,

Selivanova G, Harms-Ringdahl M. 915 MHz microwaves and 50 Hz magnetic field

affect chromatin conformation and 53BP1 foci in human lymphocytes from

hypersensitive and healthy persons. Bioelectromagnetics. 26(3):173-184, 2005.

4. Belyaev IY, Markovà E, Hillert L, Malmgren LO, Persson BR. Microwaves from

UMTS/GSM mobile phones induce long-lasting inhibition of 53BP1/gamma-H2AX

DNA repair foci in human lymphocytes. Bioelectromagnetics. 30(2):129-141, 2009.

5. Capri M, Scarcella E, Fumelli C, Bianchi E, Salvioli S, Mesirca P, Agostini C,

Antolini A, Schiavoni A, Castellani G, Bersani F, Franceschi C. In vitro exposure

of human lymphocytes to 900 MHz CW and GSM modulated radiofrequency:

studies of proliferation, apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential. Radiat

Res. 162(2):211-218, 2004. .

6. de Pomerai DI, Smith B, Dawe A, North K, Smith T, Archer DB, Duce IR, Jones

D, Candido EP. Microwave radiation can alter protein conformation without bulk

heating. FEBS Lett 22;543(1-3):93-97, 2003.

7. D’Inzeo G, Bernardi P, Eusebi F, Grassi F, Tamburello C, Zani BM, Microwave

effects on acetylcholine-induced channels in cultured chick myotubes.

Bioelectromagnetics 9(4):363-372, 1988.

8. Dutta SK, Ghosh B, Blackman CF, Radiofrequency radiation-induced calcium ion

efflux enhancement from human and other neuroblastoma cells in culture.

Bioelectromagnetics 1989;10(2):197-202.

Icke-termisk påverkan av elektromagnetiska fält (EMF) 2

9. Forgacs Z, Somosy Z, Kubinyi G, Bakos J, Hudak A, Surjan A, Thuroczy G.

Effect of whole-body 1800MHz GSM-like microwave exposure on testicular

steroidogenesis and histology in mice. Reprod Toxicol. 22:111-117, 2006.

10. Ivaschuk OI, Jones RA, Ishida-Jones T, Haggren W, Adey WR, Phillips JL,

Exposure of nerve growth factor-treated PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cells to a

modulated radiofrequency field at 836.55 MHz: effects on c-jun and c-fos

expression. Bioelectromagnetics 18(3):223-229, 1997.

11. Jech R, Sonka K, Ruzicka E, Nebuzelsky A, Bohm J, Juklickova M, Nevsimalova

S. Electromagnetic field of mobile phones affects visual event related potential in

patients with narcolepsy. Bioelectromagnetics 22(7):519-528, 2001.

12. Kesari KK, Behari J. Fifty-gigahertz Microwave Exposure Effect of Radiations on

Rat Brain. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2008 Dec 17. [Epub ahead of print]

13. Kwee S, Raskmark P, Velizarov P. Changes in cellular proteins due to

environmental non-ionizing radiation. I. Heat-shock proteins. Electroand

Magnetobiology 20: 141-152, 2001.

14. Lerchl A, Krüger H, Niehaus M, Streckert JR, Bitz AK, Volkert Hansen V Effects

of mobile phone electromagnetic fields at nonthermal SAR values on melatonin

and body weight of Djungarian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) J Pineal Res

44:267-272, 2008.

15. Markovà E, Hillert L, Malmgren L, Persson BR, Belyaev IY. Microwaves from

GSM mobile telephones affect 53BP1 and gamma-H2AX foci in human

lymphocytes from hypersensitive and healthy persons. Environ Health Perspect.

2005 Sep;113(9):1172-7.

16. Marinelli F, La Sala D, Cicciotti G, Cattini L, Trimarchi C, Putti S, Zamparelli A,

Giuliani L, Tomassetti G, Cinti C. Exposure to 900 MHz electromagnetic field

induces an unbalance between pro-apoptotic and pro-survival signals in Tlymphoblastoid

leukemia CCRF-CEM cells. J Cell Physiol. 198(2):324-332,


17. Navakatikian MA, Tomashevskaya LA, Phasic behavioral and endocrine effects

of microwaves of nonthermal intensity. In “Biological Effects of Electric and

Magnetic Fields, Volume 1,” D.O. Carpenter (ed) Academic Press, San Diego,

CA, 1994, pp.333-342.

18. Nittby H, Grafström G, Tian DP, Malmgren L, Brun A, Persson BR, Salford LG,

Eberhardt J. Cognitive impairment in rats after long-term exposure to GSM-900

mobile phone radiation. Bioelectromagnetics. 29:219-232, 2007

Icke-termisk påverkan av elektromagnetiska fält (EMF) 3

19. Pérez-Castejón C, Pérez-Bruzón RN, Llorente M, Pes N, Lacasa C, Figols T,

Lahoz M, Maestú C, Vera-Gil A, Del Moral A, Azanza MJ. Exposure to ELFpulse

modulated X band microwaves increases in vitro human astrocytoma cell

proliferation. Histol Histopathol. 24(12):1551-1561, 2009.

20. Persson BRR, Salford LG, Brun A, Blood-brain barrier permeability in rats

exposed to electromagnetic fields used in wireless communication. Wireless

Network 3:455-461, 1997.

21. Phillips, J.L., Ivaschuk, O., Ishida-Jones, T., Jones, R.A., Campbell-Beachler, M.

and Haggren, W. DNA damage in Molt-4 T- lymphoblastoid cells exposed to

cellular telephone radiofrequency fields in vitro. Bioelectrochem. Bioenerg.

45:103-110, 1998.

22. Pyrpasopoulou A, Kotoula V, Cheva A, Hytiroglou P, Nikolakaki E, Magras IN,

Xenos TD, Tsiboukis TD, Karkavelas G. Bone morphogenetic protein expression

in newborn rat kidneys after prenatal exposure to radiofrequency radiation.

Bioelectromagnetics 25(3):216-227, 2004.

23. Salford LG, Brun AR, Eberhardt JL, Malmgren L, Persson BRR, Nerve cell

damage in mammalian brain after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile

phones. Environ Health Persp 111(7):881-883, 2003.

24. Sarimov R, Malmgren L.O.G., Markova, E., Persson, B.R.R.. Belyaev, I.Y.

Nonthermal GSM microwaves affect chromatin conformation in human

lymphocytes similar to heat shock. IEEE Trans Plasma Sci 32:1600-1608, 2004.

25. Schwartz JL, House DE, Mealing GA, Exposure of frog hearts to CW or

amplitude-modulated VHF fields: selective efflux of calcium ions at 16 Hz.

Bioelectromagnetics 11(4):349-358, 1990.

26. Schwarz C, Kratochvil E, Pilger A, Kuster N, Adlkofer F, Rüdiger HW.

Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (UMTS, 1,950 MHz) induce genotoxic

effects in vitro in human fibroblasts but not in lymphocytes. Int Arch Occup

Environ Health. 81(6):755-767, 2008.

27. Somosy Z, Thuroczy G, Kubasova T, Kovacs J, Szabo LD, Effects of modulated

and continuous microwave irradiation on the morphology and cell surface

negative charge of 3T3 fibroblasts. Scanning Microsc 5(4):1145-1155, 1991.

28. Stagg RB, Thomas WJ, Jones RA, Adey WR, DNA synthesis and cell

proliferation in C6 glioma and primary glial cells exposed to a 836.55 MHz

modulated radiofrequency field. Bioelectromagnetics 18(3):230-236, 1997.

29. Stankiewicz W, D?browski MP, Kubacki R, Sobiczewska E, Szmigielski S

Immunotropic Influence of 900 MHz Microwave GSM Signal on Human Blood

Icke-termisk påverkan av elektromagnetiska fält (EMF) 4

Immune Cells Activated in Vitro. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine 25(1)

45-51, 2006.

30. Tattersall JE, Scott IR, Wood SJ, Nettell JJ, Bevir MK, Wang Z, Somasiri NP,

Chen X. Effects of low intensity radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on

electrical activity in rat hippocampal slices. Brain Res 904(1):43-53, 2001.

31. Velizarov, S, Raskmark, P, Kwee, S, The effects of radiofrequency fields on cell

proliferation are non-thermal. Bioelectrochem Bioenerg 48(1):177-180, 1999.

32. Veyret B, Bouthet C, Deschaux P, de Seze R, Geffard M, Joussot-Dubien J, le

Diraison M, Moreau JM, Caristan A, Antibody responses of mice exposed to lowpower

microwaves under combined, pulse-and-amplitude modulation.

Bioelectromagnetics 12(1):47-56, 1991.

33. Wolke S, Neibig U, Elsner R, Gollnick F, Meyer R, Calcium homeostasis of

isolated heart muscle cells exposed to pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic

fields. Bioelectromagnetics 17(2):144-153, 1996.

34. Yurekli AI, Ozkan M, Kalkan T, Saybasili H, Tuncel H, Atukeren P, Gumustas K,

Seker S. GSM Base Station Electromagnetic Radiation and Oxidative Stress in


(Power Density (Far-field) References)

35. Boscol P, Di Sciascio MB, D’Ostilio S, Del Signore A, Reale M, Conti P,

Bavazzano P, Paganelli R, Di Gioacchino M. Effects of electromagnetic fields

produced by radiotelevision broadcasting stations on the immune system of

women. Sci Total Environ 273(1-3):1-10, 2001.

36. Chiang H, Yao GD, Fang QS, Wang KQ, Lu DZ, Zhou YK, Health effects of

environmental electromagnetic fields. J. Bioelectricity 8:127-131, 1989.

37. D’Inzeo G, Bernardi P, Eusebi F, Grassi F, Tamburello C, Zani BM, Microwave

effects on acetylcholine-induced channels in cultured chick myotubes.

Bioelectromagnetics 9(4):363-372, 1988.

38. Fesenko, EE, Makar, VR, Novoselova, EG, Sadovnikov, VB, Microwaves and

cellular immunity. I. Effect of whole body microwave irradiation on tumor

necrosis factor production in mouse cells. Bioelectrochem Bioenerg 49(1):29-35,


39. Hjollund NH, Bonde JP, Skotte J, Semen analysis of personnel operating military

radar equipment. Reprod Toxicol 11(6):897, 1997.

40. H.-P. Hutter, H. Moshammer, P. Wallner, M. Kundi, Subjective symptoms,

Icke-termisk påverkan av elektromagnetiska fält (EMF) 5

sleeping problems, and cognitive performance in subjects living near mobile

phone base stations, Occup. Environ. Med. 63 (2006) 307–313.

41. Kolodynski AA, Kolodynska VV, Motor and psychological functions of school

children living in the area of the Skrunda Radio Location Station in Latvia. Sci Total

Environ 180(1):87-93, 1996.

42. Lebedeva NN, Sulimov AV, Sulimova OP, Kotrovskaya TI, Gailus T,

Cellular phone electromagnetic field effects on bioelectric activity of human

brain. Crit Rev Biomed Eng 28(1-2):323-337, 2000

43. Magras, IN, Xenos, TD, RF radiation-induced changes in the prenatal

development of mice. Bioelectromagnetics 18(6):455-461, 1997.

44. Mann, K, Wagner, P, Brunn, G, Hassan, F, Hiemke, C, Roschke, J, Effects of

pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic fields on the neuroendocrine system.

Neuroendocrinology 67(2):139-144, 1998.

45. E.A. Navarro, J. Segura, M. Portoles, C. Gomez-Perretta de Mateo, The

microwave syndrome: a preliminary study in Spain, Electromag. Biol. Med. 22

(2003) 161–169.

46. Novoselova, EG, Fesenko, EE, Makar, VR, Sadovnikov, VB, Microwaves and

cellular immunity. II. Immunostimulating effects of microwaves and naturally

occurring antioxidant nutrients. Bioelectrochem Bioenerg 49(1):37-41, 1999.

47. Novoselova EG, Ogay VB, Sorokina OV, Glushkova OV, Sinotova OA, Fesenko

EE. The production of tumor necrosis factor in cells of tumor-bearing mice after

total-body microwave irradiation and antioxidant diet. Electromag. Biol. Med.

23:167-180, 2004.

48. Oberfeld, G Enrique, NA Manuel P Ceferino M Gomez-Perrretta C. 2004. The

Microwave Syndrome – Further Aspects of a Spanish Study. 3rd International

Workshop on Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields. Kos, Greece.

49. Pologea-Moraru R, Kovacs E, Iliescu KR, Calota V, Sajin G. The effects of low

level microwaves on the fluidity of photoreceptor cell membrane.

Bioelectrochemistry 56(1-2):223-225, 2002.

50. S. Thomas, A. Kühnlein, S. Heinrich, G. Praml, D. Nowak, R. von Kries, K.

Radon, Personal exposure to mobile phone frequencies and well-being in adults: a

cross-sectional study based on dosimetry, Bioelectromagnetics 29 (2008) 463–470.

51. A.P.M. Zwamborn, S.H.J.A. Vossen, B.J.A.M. van Leersum, M.A. Ouwens,

W.N. Mäkel, Effects of Global Communication System Radio-Frequency Fields

on Well being and Cognitive Functions of Human Subjects with and without

Subjective Complaints. FEL-03- C148, TNO, The Hague, the Netherlands, 2003.

Icke-termisk påverkan av elektromagnetiska fält (EMF) 6

52. Kundi M Hutter HP. Mobile phone base stations—Effects on wellbeing and

health. Pathophysiology 16 (2009) 123–135.